<P>CULTURES Vol 1, Issue 2 ยป Page 97 technology cooperation as an important tool of U.S. foreign policy, and the value of collaborative research to solve common problems and advance our understanding of the world around us. He argued that an NGO could operate more quickly and with greater ?exibility than government agencies, hence, the creation of CRDF Global. While every nation and every engagement requires a unique approach, our work with Iraq illustrates some compelling stories of science diplomacy in action. When CRDF Global began its Iraq engagement in 2004, the country was experiencing tremendous change and enormous challenges as it emerged from years of isolation. Iraq had thousands of highly quali?ed scientists and engineers who needed new opportunities within Iraq to contrib- ute productively to the rebuilding of their country. Some of these scientists and engineers had knowledge of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, and there was an urgent need to redirect their expertise to peaceful uses within Iraq. However, much of the science and technology infrastructure was severely damaged or destroyed in the military con?ict. Moreover, the security situation in Iraq was very dangerous for foreigners and Iraqis alike. This made it extremely di?cult to encourage the ?ow of personnel and ideas that is so important to building sustainable research part- nerships. But time was of the essence, and it was critical to reach out to scientists in Iraq to try to reintegrate them into the global scienti?c community. So, in September 2004, CRDF Global took the initiative and ar- ranged for a small group of Iraqi scientists and engineers to travel to the United States for what we called a familiarization visit. We wanted these scientists, who because of sanctions had been cut o? from the West, to familiarize themselves with the state of science in the United States and with modalities for international science cooperation. We worked very closely with the U.S. government, particularly the Department of State, to organize this delegation visit. CRDF Global did not have sta? in Iraq, and, owing to security considerations, we were unable to travel there. So, we had to rely on partners already located in Baghdad to help identify and recruit </p> <UL><LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/1/1/">Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/2/2/">Inside-Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/3/3/">Page-1</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/4/4/">Page-2</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/5/5/">Page-3</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/6/6/">Page-4</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/7/7/">Page-5</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/8/8/">Page-6</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/9/9/">Page-7</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/10/10/">Page-8</a></LI> <LI><a 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