<P>CULTURES Vol 1, Issue 2 ┬╗Page 27 A resurgence in tuberculosis (TB) following the famines of the 1990s in the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK or North Korea) led to an unprecedented collaboration to address a very serious and expanding epidemic. Before 2008, DPRK worked with the World Health Organization (WHO) and later the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria (GFATM), to design and update their tuberculosis control pro- gram to provide drugs to patients who were diagnosed with pulmonary TB by clinical assessment or conventional acid-fast microscopy. In 2008, the Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) identi- ?ed a need to conduct culture and drug susceptibility testing to identify patients with drug-resistant disease. This required a ren- ovation and upgrade of their National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory (NTRL), building on incomplete initial work begun by WHO. Subsequently, a delegation from the MoPH approached John Lewis and Sharon Perry of the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC), and Dr. Gary Schoolnik of the School of Medicine at Stanford University for assistance. This led to the formation of an unprecedented collaboration, which remains active and e?ective even in the current political climate. Initial partners included CISAC, members of the Stanford School of Medicine, TB laboratory scientists from the San Francis- co Bay Area, and volunteers from Christian Friends of Korea (CFK), a Christian faith-based organization that has worked extensively in DPRK for nearly 20 years, particularly supporting local TB sanatoriums (http://cfk.org/). Initial funding and support for the laboratory development project came from CFK, Stanfords Walter H. Shorenstein Asia Paci?c Research Center, and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), a nonpro?t, nonpartisan organi- zation with a mission to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons in order to build trust, transparency, and security. A description of NTIs early role in this e?ort can be found at http://www.nti.org/about/projects/TB-Threat/. </p> <UL><LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/1/1/">Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/2/2/">Inside-Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/3/3/">Page-1</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/4/4/">Page-2</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/5/5/">Page-3</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/6/6/">Page-4</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/7/7/">Page-5</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/8/8/">Page-6</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/9/9/">Page-7</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/10/10/">Page-8</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/11/11/">Page-9</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/12/12/">Page-10</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/13/13/">Page-11</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/14/14/">Page-12</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/15/15/">Page-13</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/16/16/">Page-14</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/17/17/">Page-15</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/18/18/">Page-16</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/19/19/">Page-17</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/20/20/">Page-18</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/21/21/">Page-19</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/22/22/">Page-20</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/23/23/">Page-21</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/24/24/">Page-22</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/25/25/">Page-23</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/26/26/">Page-24</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/27/27/">Page-25</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/28/28/">Page-26</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/29/29/">Page-27</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/30/30/">Page-28</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/31/31/">Page-29</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/32/32/">Page-30</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/33/33/">Page-31</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/34/34/">Page-32</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/35/35/">Page-33</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/36/36/">Page-34</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/37/37/">Page-35</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/38/38/">Page-36</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/39/39/">Page-37</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/40/40/">Page-38</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/41/41/">Page-39</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/42/42/">Page-40</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/43/43/">Page-41</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/44/44/">Page-42</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/45/45/">Page-43</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/46/46/">Page-44</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/47/47/">Page-45</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/48/48/">Page-46</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/49/49/">Page-47</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/50/50/">Page-48</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/51/51/">Page-49</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/52/52/">Page-50</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/53/53/">Page-51</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/54/54/">Page-52</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/55/55/">Page-53</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/56/56/">Page-54</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/57/57/">Page-55</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/58/58/">Page-56</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/59/59/">Page-57</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/60/60/">Page-58</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/61/61/">Page-59</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/62/62/">Page-60</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/63/63/">Page-61</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/64/64/">Page-62</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/65/65/">Page-63</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/66/66/">Page-64</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/67/67/">Page-65</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/68/68/">Page-66</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/69/69/">Page-67</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/70/70/">Page-68</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/71/71/">Page-69</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/72/72/">Page-70</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/73/73/">Page-71</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/74/74/">Page-72</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/75/75/">Page-73</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/76/76/">Page-74</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/77/77/">Page-75</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/78/78/">Page-76</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/79/79/">Page-77</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/80/80/">Page-78</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/81/81/">Page-79</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/82/82/">Page-80</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/83/83/">Page-81</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/84/84/">Page-82</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/85/85/">Page-83</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/86/86/">Page-84</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/87/87/">Page-85</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/88/88/">Page-86</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/89/89/">Page-87</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/90/90/">Page-88</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/91/91/">Page-89</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/92/92/">Page-90</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/93/93/">Page-91</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/94/94/">Page-92</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/95/95/">Page-93</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/96/96/">Page-94</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/97/97/">Page-95</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/98/98/">Page-96</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/99/99/">Page-97</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/100/100/">Page-98</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/101/101/">Page-99</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/102/102/">Page-100</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/103/103/">Page-101</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/104/104/">Page-102</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/105/105/">Page-103</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/106/106/">Page-104</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/107/107/">Page-105</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/108/108/">Page-106</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/109/109/">Page-107</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/110/110/">Page-108</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/111/111/">Page-109</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/112/112/">Page-110</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/113/113/">Page-111</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/114/114/">Page-112</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/115/115/">Page-113</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/116/116/">Page-114</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/117/117/">Page-115</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/118/118/">Page-116</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/119/119/">Page-117</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/120/120/">Back-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publications/643/x/sitemap.xml" target="_blank">site map</a></LI> </UL>

 

If you would like to view publication without flash plugin, please click on link below




To view your publication, you need to upgrade your Flash Player

Click here to install latest flash player.