<P>SCIENCE AS A FOUNDATION FOR COLLABORATION IN IRAN AND BEYOND By: Navid Madani, Ph.D. In 1999, shortly after I ?nished my graduate studies, I traveled to Iran, the country of my birth, after an absence of six years. Born and raised in Iran, I had emigrated to the United States to obtain my undergraduate and graduate training. Upon my return, I was invited to give a scienti?c seminar at the Chemistry Department at the Alzahra University in Tehran, an all-female institution that was established in 1964. As I was preparing my talk in my native language of Persian (Farsi), I wondered how much of the technical and scienti?c details the audience would understand. The work was extremely specialized, using electrophysiology in Xenopus oocytes to investigate the G-protein–coupled receptors that serve as HIV-1 coreceptors. Some of my slides were very esoteric, with concepts that only scientists with signi?cant exposure to primary literature would understand. My understanding was that, although clinical medicine was fairly up-to-date in Iran, knowledge of basic science research was lagging. I started to eliminate the slides I thought would be too di?cult for such an untrained audience to understand, but I soon decided that doing so would take away from the essential message of my story and work. In the end, I kept my talk intact and hoped that, despite the complexity of the science, I would be able to coherently convey my results. The auditorium was packed. The student committee that had issued the invitation to speak had gone out of their way to publicize the talk, advertising in multiple universities in Tehran, resulting in a turnout of more than 200 faculty and students. My presentation went smoothly, and I was interrupted only a few times by requests for more background or technical details. When the talk ?nished and I asked whether there were any questions, there was silence for a moment and I was sure I had Page 34»Across the Divide » Hotez / England & Desmond /Madani / Asghar</p> <UL><LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/1/1/">Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/2/2/">Inside-Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/3/3/">Page-1</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/4/4/">Page-2</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/5/5/">Page-3</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/6/6/">Page-4</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/7/7/">Page-5</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/8/8/">Page-6</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/643/colfslwvw/9/9/">Page-7</a></LI> <LI><a 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