<P>Page 36 » Across the Divide » Hotez / England & Desmond / Madani / Asghar Madani after a lecture with students at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS) in March 2013. confused them all, but then hands went up. As is the custom in the West, the faculty members asked questions ?rst. Then more hands were raised, and I was surprised to see that so many of the students had questions. What astounded me the most was that so many of their questions referred to the current literature; they quizzed me on the work of my competitors, asked for my opinion about a speci?c paper in my ?eld, and explored the ?ner implications of my results. I had rarely faced such probing, insightful questions from younger student populations in the United States. After our time was done in the auditorium, the students followed me outside and questioned me more – about science and technical details and the challenges of being a graduate student in United States. The questions were concise, informed, and ?lled with sincere curiosity. I found it thrilling, and I happily sat with them for as long as they had questions. I do not know what it feels like to be a rock star like Bono, but, from what I have heard, the feeling I was experiencing while answering questions about the science that had been so intimate to me for ?ve years probably came close to it. The question that remained, however, was why I had so grossly misjudged the intellectual capabilities of my audience. The answer lay in my naïve attitude that equated the big-budget science I knew in the United States with knowledge and innovation. I believed that my experience as a basic scientist in the United States, the best possible place in the world to be trained, was unparalleled, and that I was the one who was bringing expertise and rigorous investigation to the table. 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