<P>1947 saw the geographical division of the Indian sub-continent from the British Raj into Pakistan and India and the culture from then still influences today, most notably in sports. Pakistan was founded on August 14 1947. The creator of this modern Islamic state, Muham- mad Ali Jinnah, felt strongly about the devel- opment of sport culture in Pakistan and stressed highly on its contribution towards society. On the first ever organizing committee for sports, Jinnah had said. Dedicate yourself to sports promotion, for when you and I are gone, leadership will go into the hands of the youth and youth is our wealth, a raw material, that must be hammered into shape, into burnished steel to strive and smite in defense – the defense of the integrity and solidarity of Paki- stan – the defense of the ideology of Pakistan. Pakistan is made up of a variety of traditions and cultures that have all made rich contribu- tion to sport. During the British rule, western games became popular, ranging from cricket, hockey (which is the national sport of Paki- stan)squashandtennis Popular western sports and Kabbadi wrestling Over the years, Pakistani athletes began to excel in these sports gaining recognition from around the globe. Tennis star Aisam Ul Haq is a prime example of this. Due to the growing popularity, government funding supported these sports, but traditional sports were now fading into obscurity. Kabbadi and wrestling are such sports, where kabbadi has slowly started to mark its way, from not only promoting the male team by par- ticipating in the Kabbadi World Cup, but also by encouraging the female team as well. Not as popular as cricket or hockey, but the rural areas still thrive in their local history and kabbadi narrates the memories of times gone past. Kab- badi is a wrestling sport that comes from the ancient Indian civilization and translates to ‘hold hands. It comprises two teams, where one player is sent in the middle chanting ‘kab- badi with inhaled breath and their main objec- tive is to move into the other teams territory, then tag one or more of the opposition and come back into their own area without a second inhale. In the process, the opposition tries to wrestle and prevent that player from reaching their side. An enriching feast it is for those who might have never seen quick foot work in wrestling before, kabbadi showcases a history that was once forgotten but remains a strong part of Pakistaniculture. By Ayesha Azhar, Pakistan. </p> <UL><LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/1/1/">Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/2/2/">Inside-Front-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/3/3/">Page-3</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/4/4/">Page-4</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/5/5/">Page-5</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/6/6/">Page-6</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/7/7/">Page-7</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/8/8/">Page-8</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/9/9/">Page-9</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/10/10/">Page-10</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/11/11/">Page-11</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/12/12/">Page-12</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/13/13/">Page-13</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/14/14/">Page-14</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/15/15/">Page-15</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/16/16/">Page-16</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/17/17/">Page-17</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/18/18/">Page-18</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/19/19/">Page-19</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/20/20/">Page-20</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/21/21/">Page-21</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/22/22/">Page-22</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/23/23/">Page-23</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/24/24/">Page-24</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/25/25/">Page-25</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/26/26/">Page-26</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/27/27/">Page-27</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/28/28/">Page-28</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/29/29/">Page-29</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/30/30/">Page-30</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/31/31/">Page-31</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/32/32/">Page-32</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/33/33/">Page-33</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/34/34/">Page-34</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/35/35/">Page-35</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/36/36/">Page-36</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/37/37/">Page-37</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/38/38/">Page-38</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/39/39/">Page-39</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publication/760/dwufszmbx/40/40/">Back-Cover</a></LI> <LI><a href="http://www.mzines.net/publications/760/x/sitemap.xml" target="_blank">site map</a></LI> </UL>

 

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